Steroids: Description of the Drug

Steroids: Description of the Drug

Steroids, also known as corticosteroids, are a class of drugs that mimic the effects of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. They are commonly used to treat a variety of medical conditions due to their anti-inflammatory properties.

Types of Steroids

There are two main types of steroids:

  • Glucocorticoids: These steroids are used to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. They are commonly prescribed for conditions such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Mineralocorticoids: These steroids help regulate salt and water balance in the body. They are often used to treat conditions such as Addison’s disease.

Common Uses

Steroids are prescribed for a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Skin conditions
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

FAQs About Steroids

  1. Are steroids safe to use?
  2. When used as prescribed by a healthcare professional, steroids are generally safe and effective. Aqueous suspension of testosterone Mode of action However, long-term use or misuse of steroids can lead to serious side effects.

  3. What are the side effects of steroids?
  4. Common side effects of steroids include weight gain, mood swings, insomnia, and increased risk of infections. Long-term use can also lead to bone loss, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

  5. Can steroids be addictive?
  6. While steroids themselves are not addictive, some people may develop a psychological dependence on them due to their effects on mood and energy levels.

It is important to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions when taking steroids and to report any side effects that you experience. Do not stop taking steroids abruptly without consulting your doctor, as this can lead to withdrawal symptoms.